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Resources: France

While the infamous Calais ‘jungle’ camp in France was formally dismantled in October 2016, asylum seekers continue to gather in significant numbers in France, particularly in the north, in hopes of reaching the UK. This page contains resources relating to the implementation of Dublin III in France.

AIDA: France Country Report

(February 2018) This report examines key changes to the asylum regime since the February 2017 update. Included in the examination are the main changes to the asylum procedure, reception conditions, and the detention of asylum seekers.  The report discusses the pushback of migrants at the Italian border, which has resulted in a shifting of migratory routes towards riskier journeys, during which police checks and unlawful summary returns have been documented.  The report also examines the insufficiency of reception capacity, with many asylum seekers living on the streets, especially in Paris.  This insufficiency of capacity persists despite the creation of 25,000 additional accommodation places in 2017 and the introduction of new forms of accommodation, such as the reception and accommodation programme for asylum seekers (PRAHDA). The Dublin III Regulation is discussed throughout the report, however a key section examining the Dublin procedure, the application of the Dublin criteria, appeals and legal assistance, among other topics, can be found from page 37. 

France terre d’asile: Les violences à l’égard des femmes demandeuses d’asile et réfugiées en France / Acts of violence towards female asylum seekers and refugees in France

(April 2018) Based on research conducted in France between November 2017 and March 2018, this report investigates the occurrence of violence towards female asylum seekers and refugees on reaching France. The report outlines a typology of the various acts of violence and risk factors that leave these women vulnerable. For example, insufficient and insecure reception conditions and a failure to consider gender-specific needs in reception centres contribute to this risk. Additionally, the report highlights that insufficient training for professionals on gendered violence helps to conceal this issue from authorities. Finally, the report recommends measures for preventing and reducing violence against female asylum seekers and refugees.  (Report in French)

Office française de protections des refugiès et apatrides (OFPRA): A l’écoute du monde – Rapport d’activité 2017 / Listening to the world – Report of activity 2017

(3rd April 2018) The French Office for the Protection of Refugees and Stateless Persons (OFPRA), which processes applications for asylum in France, summarises its 2017 activities and resources. At section 2.3.4. the report summarises statistics on the number of requests by the OFPRA for information within the framework of the Dublin III regulation from other EU states, including a table summarising the number Dublin III requests to nine countries. The report also contains statistics on asylum applications in France and stateless persons status applications, including statistics comparing 2017 to previous years. The statistics are broken down into applications by country of departure and region of destination in France, and by groups of vulnerable persons, including unaccompanied minors and victims of human trafficking and torture.  The report also provides statistics on OFPRA’s processing of applications, including as compared to previous years. The statistics cover the total number of decisions made, the percentage of protections granted per nationality of applicant and statistics relating to length of time for processing applications. In addition the report provides information on legislative measures introduced for the protection of asylum seekers and stateless persons. (Report in French)

NCRA: Rapport d’activité 2017; Cour nationale du droit d’asile / Report of Activity 2017

(28th January 2018) The National Court of the Right of Asylum (CNDA) reports on its activities in 2017, providing statistics relating to the number of asylum cases decided in 2017. It includes an analysis of the 10 countries of origin the most represented in the CNDA and annexes tables showing the number of applications per country of origin, the percentage of applications per gender per country of origin and the number of applications per gender per country of origin with the percentage of protections granted for the 2017 period. The report also includes statistics on the speed with which judgments were granted, the number of protections granted and applications rejected and the number of referrals to the higher State Council (CE). Finally, the report reviews 2017 developments in the CNDA’s organisation, such as the number of hearings and video relayed proceedings and the number beneficiaries of legal aid and interpreting services. (Report in French)