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Resources: Italy

In 2016 Italy surpassed Greece as the country in Europe with the most arrivals of asylum seekers and migrants. In 2018, Italy continues to have the highest amount of arrivals. This page collects resources published in English and Italian (forthcoming) which relate to reception conditions, asylum procedures, child protection, and implementation of Dublin III in Italy.

AIDA: Italy Country Report

(December 2017) This report covers the asylum procedure, reception conditions, detention and international protection procedures in Italy. The Dublin III Regulation is mentioned throughout.

Council of Europe Report to the Italian Government on the visit to Italy carried out by the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT)

(10th April 2018) This report is based on the CPT’s visit to Italy in June 2017, with the purpose of examining the situation of individuals residing in the “hotspots” and immigration detention centres including Lampedusa, Pozzallo, Trapani (Milo), and Augusta port. It looks at their treatment, conditions, healthcare services, deprivation of liberty and legal safeguards and offers recommendations to overcome the problems identified. The CPT made two recommendations in respect of unaccompanied minors; they found that minors had on occasion remained in the “hotspots” for extended periods of stay, where only limited support was available, and recommended for the swift transfer to dedicated open shelter facilities, with the initiation of the guardianship procedure as soon as possible after their arrival. The second recommendation was for the wide application of the Governments’ new multidisciplinary age assessment where a young persons’ age is in dispute.

Mixed Migration Hub, REACH: Youth on the Move

(August 2017) This report analyses the decision-making, migration trajectories and expectations of young people travelling to Italy. It is estimated that up to 15% of all arrivals to Italy since March 2016 are unaccompanied and separated children.  The research underpinning this report was designed to shed light on the decision to migrate and levels of preparedness of such young people, in addition to examining the mechanisms shaping migration trajectories, and the young peoples’ expectations during their journeys. The most common reasons for considering migration reported amongst the interviewees were political and security issues, often accompanied by economic concerns.  Preparations were generally reported as continuing for one year before migration, although the study uncovered mixed levels of preparedness.  In a significant number of cases, the decision to settle in Italy was secondary and often undertaken long after the initial decision to leave their country of origin.  Journeys to Italy were often long and fragmented, with minimal economic capital, security concerns in Libya, and migration policy barriers cited as key hurdles. 

Danish Refugee Council & Swiss Refugee Council: Is Mutual Trust Enough?

(9th February 2017) This report assembles case studies of persons with ‘special reception needs’ and provides an insight on reception conditions and access to the asylum procedure. The report focuses on vulnerable persons who have been transferred to Italy under the Dublin III Regulation after the European Court of Human Rights’ (ECHR) judgment Tarakhel v. Switzerland. The report found that the requirements set out in Tarakhel v. Switzerland were not being fulfilled as the Italian authorities were not able to provide the applicants with adequate accommodation, assistance and care upon arrival in Italy. The report concluded that there is no guarantee that the families and persons with specific reception needs who are being transferred to Italy under the Dublin III Regulation are being received adequately and in respect of their basic human rights. Therefore, these persons are at risk of violation of their rights according to Article 3 of the ECHR and Article 4 of the EU Charter.

Médecins Sans Frontières: Out of Sight

(February 2018) This report focuses on the challenges faced by refugees and asylum seekers who are forced to reside in informal settlements in Italy, including social marginality and obstacles to healthcare. The report provides recommendations to the responsible authorities to address the challenges identified.